Women’s treatment in sport has always been a manifestation of wider gender inequality and, as sports evolved and became and professional financially, women in sport prolonged with the change. However, the huge funding disparity between male and female sport means that women have had fewer opportunities to play sport, have suffered from inadequate coaching and facilities compared with those enjoyed by men. Even when women raise more money than men, they can also be paid less. In the US, five female football players recently filed a complaint against US Soccer over wage discrimination. They are ranked number one in the world, 30 places above the men, and generated hefty revenues – but are still paid significantly less. Serena Williams, the women’s number one tennis player – when she last played and won three of the four grand slams, it was noted that the less prestigious men’s tournaments paid far more than the women’s grand slam occasions.
The Victorian society viewed sport as “inseparable from the philosophy of muscular Christianity, which defined itself against femininity and ‘softness’,” In 1998 the Marylebone Cricket Club (1787), the custodians at Lord’s, lifted its ban in 1998 on female members. In June 2016, the Muirfield Golf Club, one of Scotland’s most celebrated courses voted to uphold its ban on women members. However, it was finally successfully upturned in March 2017. Others institutions continue to resist.
Rio 2016 represented a significant presentation which was the rise of women in sport. There was 47.7 percentage of women competing as athletes, a record for a summer Games. Yet the true pay equality in sport is still far away.
As Tony Collins, author of Sport in Capitalist Society (2013) said “until there is a fundamental shift towards gender equality across society women in sport will always be under-paid.” As well as being preserved in history as second-class.
Twitter users shared the controversial messages of former Manchester United star, Phil Neville, which were sent shortly after he was appointed head coach to the England women’s team. Sky News has reported that Lionesses boss Phil Neville is ‘sorry’ over sexist tweets.
The Australian Open’s Margaret Court Arena should be renamed because of the 11-time champion’s “derogatory” views on sexuality, says Billie Jean King.
Queen Elizabeth Park (Stratford East, London)
St Mary’s Stadium (Southampton FC)
White Hart Lane (home to Tottenham Hotspurs)
The County Ground (Somerset County Cricket)
Old Trafford (home to Manchester United)
Emirates Stadium (home to Arsenal Football Club)
Sports clubs are a focal point for religious communities, more so for (Irish) Catholics than Protestants. Sectarianism in Glasgow is visible in the rivalry between the supporters of Glasgow’s two main football clubs, Celtic and Rangers, together known as the Old Firm. (Wikipedia)
Both Celtic and Rangers have had recent high profile altercations with football authorities because of sectarian incidents, and both clubs have openly admitted a problem with sectarianism. Sectarian chants and songs can be heard frequently amongst both sets of supporters, this is not exclusive to when the teams are playing one another. This has caused for deep concern that supporters of the club are creating an image of their team that is not endeared by club officials.
The Rangers Supporters Association, said: “we firmly believe that it is a small minority which causes problems, no matter how often they are told, they will just not listen.” A survey undertaken by Glasgow City Council showed that 74% of Celtic fans were Catholics and 4% Protestants and Rangers fans to be 65% protestant and 5% Catholic. Both clubs have approached entities such as the Scottish parliament and even church groups to show that the sectarian element in the supporting of these clubs is unacceptable.
ALL FAITHS AND NON
Christian Orthodox: In Christian usage the term orthodox refers to the set of doctrines which were believed by the early 1st century Christians known as the Western church. Primarily identified by “Catholic” ecclesiastical teachings governed by a series of ecumenical councils.
19th January Timkat – Ethiopian Orthodox Christian
14th February Saint Valentine’s Day
14th February Ash Wednesday – Christian
19th February Great Lent begins – – Orthodox Christian
29th Maundy Thursday – Christian
30th March Good Friday and Easter Sunday – Christian
Un-Orthodox Christianity: This practice are from the Eastern Church AD. It is also used in evangelical circles as a synonym for the doctrinal fundamentals of Christian belief such as the deity around Christ. Historically, this is the correct version of Christian belief; but often it is simply the current version of Christian belief.
25th January Conversion of Saint Paul – Christian
30th March Good Friday and Easter Sunday – Christian
30th March Mothering Sunday
Non-Faith: Those with no Gods such as Buddhism and Taoism are atheist religions, and Humanism is an atheist philosophy.
16th Chinese New Year – Confucian, Daoist, Buddhist
17th February World Human Spirit Day
8th March International Women’s Day
22nd March World Water Day
Judaism – Judaism was founded over 3500 years ago in the Middle East. Jews believe that God appointed the Jews to be his chosen people in order to set an example of holiness and ethical behaviour to the world. Orthodox Judaism is the approach to religious Judaism which subscribes to a tradition of mass revelation and adheres to the interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah.
27th January Holocaust Memorial Day
1st March International Wheelchair Day Purim – Judaism
31st March Pesach (Passover) – Judaism
Muslim – A Muslim is someone who follows or practices Islam, an Abrahamic (Old Testament) religion. They believe in one god; Allah. Muslims consider the Quran (Koran), their holy book, to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad. The majority of Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad as recorded in traditional accounts. (“Muslim” is an Arabic word meaning “one who submits (to God)”.
May 16 Start of Ramadan
June 15 End of Ramadan
August 22 Feast of Sacrifice
September 12 Islamic New Year
Hinduism – Hinduism is the religion of the majority of people from India and Nepal. It also exists among significant populations outside of the sub-continent and has over 900 million followers worldwide. Unlike most other religions, Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings. The term Orthodox Hinduism commonly refers to the religious teachings and practices of Sanātanī, one of the traditionalist branches of Hinduism.
22nd January Vasant Panchami – Hindu
18th March New Year – Hindu
Sikhism – Sikhism was founded in the Punjab by Guru Nanak in the 15th Century CE (Common Era) and is a monotheistic religion i.e. believes in the existence of only one god creating the world and that one god is all-powerful and intervenes in the world. Sikhs think religion should be practised by living in the world and coping with life’s everyday problems.
31st January Birthday of Guru Har Rai – Sikh
There have been many reports and accounts of bullying amongst parents and supporters who are watching from the sidelines. This has resulted in extreme cases, parents or supporters being banned from watching their children participating in games. Some of the bullying reported has been parents abusing other people’s children during the games, threats and even physical violence. There has also been reports that the bullying has escalated on social media. This should not be tolerated by the clubs and coaches in any shape or form. If you have experienced this, speak to the coach and ask for them to intervene and take necessary action.